Laparoscopic Surgery Steps  
1. Patient Preparation: The patient is placed under general anesthesia, and the surgical team places markers on the patient’s abdomen to guide the surgeon during the procedure.   2. Insertion of Laparoscope: A small incision is made in the abdomen, and a slender instrument called a laparoscope is inserted. The laparoscope is equipped with a light and a camera which...
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