Vitiligo is an autoimmune skin disease in which an individual develops uneven white patches in different parts of the body. It can affect people of any age group, gender, and ethnicity. It occurs when the immune system attacks the melanocyte cells, responsible for providing pigment to the skin. Vitiligo is not a contagious skin condition. The skin condition often appears as a pale patch of skin that gradually turns white. The edges of the patch might become smoother or irregular in appearance. If one is looking for the Best Vitiligo Specialist In Delhi, then Dr. Nivedita Dadu is the best dermatologist to consult with.
Types of Vitiligo
Segmental vitiligo is also known as unilateral or localized vitiligo. In this condition, the patient experiences depigmentation in one area of the body.
Non-segmental vitiligo is also known as bilateral or generalized vitiligo. In this condition, the symptoms often appear on both sides of the body as asymmetrical patches. 9 out of 10 people are affected by non-segmental vitiligo.
Treatment options for vitiligo
STEROID BASED CREAMS
The creams are usually the first-line treatment for vitiligo patients. These help to restore the original color of skin as well as stop the white patches from multiplying further. Corticosteroids are a suitable treatment for many patients due to low cost and ease of application but they are never prescribed as a solo.
It shows remarkable results for white patches on the face and neck. This is more efficient to treat vitiligo in children.
In this procedure, the patient is exposed to narrowband ultraviolet B rays in a specialized chamber. The treatment requires no supplemental medications. It is considered to be effective among children and pregnant women. Phototherapy is an easier and less expensive treatment and has minimal risk of adverse side effects.
In this procedure, the top skin layer of the white patch is removed, and healthy pigment cells (melanocytes) from another part of the body are transplanted. These new skin grafts produce pigment thus helping in re-pigmentation.
The white patches can be camouflaged with the ink color of the tattoo. The pigment is chosen according to the skin color of the patient. The color is implanted into the dermal layer with a specialized technique. People with dark skin complexion obtain better results than people with fair skin.
Recommended for patients with vitiligo affecting more than 50% of the body surface area or affecting cosmetically sensitive, exposed body sites. Regular touch up sessions are required for better results. The most commonly used bleaching agents are mono-benzoyl ether of hydro-quinone, etc.
Dr. Nivedita Dadu, Best Skin Doctor In Delhi, is a qualified and experienced doctor who offers a range of advanced treatments for vitiligo. Her team of highly trained professional staff ensures that patients receive world-class services and utmost care.