1. Patient Preparation: The patient is placed under general anesthesia, and the surgical team places markers on the patient’s abdomen to guide the surgeon during the procedure.  

2. Insertion of Laparoscope: A small incision is made in the abdomen, and a slender instrument called a laparoscope is inserted. The laparoscope is equipped with a light and a camera which sends images to a video monitor.  

3. Insertion of Other Surgical Instruments: Other specialized instruments, such as forceps and scissors, are also inserted through small incisions.  

4. Dissection of Tissue: The surgeon uses the laparoscope and instruments to view and manipulate internal organs and tissue.  

5. Closure of Incisions: Once the procedure is complete, the incisions are closed with stitches or clips.  

6. Post-Operative Care: The patient is monitored in the recovery room until they are stable, and then moved to a hospital room for further observation.

7. Firm hospitals doing Total laparoscopic surgery in Chennai with a high success percentage.