Increased intraocular pressure, also known as elevated intraocular pressure, may result in a variety of eye-related issues as well as serious disorders like glaucoma. This increased pressure has the potential to harm the optic nerve, resulting in serious vision issues and eventual blindness.
Because of this, it is crucial to keep the ocular pressure within a normal range. The origins, symptoms, and management of excessive ocular pressure will all be covered in this article. This knowledge may be quite helpful in preserving excellent eye health and eye care.
High eye pressure: What is it?
Ocular hypertension, sometimes referred to as high eye pressure, is a condition in which the intraocular pressure (IOP) of the eye rises over the usual range.
Between 10 mm Hg to 21 mm Hg is regarded to be the typical ocular pressure range. Your ophthalmologist may recommend more testing and begin high eye pressure therapy if they discover that the ocular pressure has risen over this threshold.
Although increased eye pressure cannot be regarded as an illness in and of itself, it may be a sign of another condition, such as glaucoma. Early detection and treatment of high eye pressure are essential since it may ultimately result in optic nerve damage and significant vision impairment.
High eye pressure causes
Knowing what high eye pressure means makes it vital to understand what causes the pressure to increase over normal.
The following are the most typical reasons of excessive ocular pressure:
One of the main reasons of high ocular pressure is an excessive amount of aqueous production. Aqueous may sometimes be created far more quickly than it can be drained. Aqueous builds up as a result, raising the pressure within the eye.
Another reason for high eye pressure is slow aqueous drainage, which happens when the drainage system is not working correctly and the aqueous builds up in the eye.
Another disorder that alters the equilibrium between aqueous production and drainage and raises ocular pressure is trauma to the eye.
If you are suffering form eye pressure then you can use super lash bimatoprost to reduce it. High eye pressure may also be brought on by several drugs, including steroids and steroidal eye drops. Increased eye pressure is also linked to other eye diseases such pigment dispersion syndrome, corneal arcus, etc.
High eye pressure symptoms
Following are a few of the typical signs of high ocular pressure:
- Internal and external eye pain
- distorted vision
- Blind areas in the field of vision
- eye colour
- pain and irritability in the eyes
Your ophthalmologist may conduct certain tests to assess your IOP levels if you suffer one or more of the aforementioned symptoms in order to determine the best course of therapy.
High eye pressure treatment
The next crucial topic to cover is how to cure high ocular pressure now that we have seen its origins and symptoms. Both medication and surgery are used to manage excessive ocular pressure. You will mostly be given prescription eye drops by your ophthalmologist to assist lower the intraocular pressure.
Your ophthalmologist could advise surgery if prescription drugs and eye drops are unable to lower the excessive pressure. One of the most common and least intrusive procedures used to address issues connected to excessive ocular pressure is the laser.